Most Popular Posts Last 30 Days
Eristavi (Eristov, Eristoff) is one of the best known representatives of a duke Georgian family descended from two ancient Georgian clans of...
Detailed Biography of Michael Gregor, born Mikheil Grigorashvili, one of the Aviation pioneers of Russian Empire, USA and CanadaM. Grigorashvili - a pilot of Blériot XI which he modified himself (read about this at Alexander P. de Seversky wikipedia record ) M....
Decree N380 of the President of Georgia Tbilisi, September 9, 2004 On the Rule of Granting Citizenship of Georgia to a Citizen of a Fore...
Monday, January 31, 2011
G. Murphy Donovan recently argued on AT that Russia is such a great partner of the United States that it could be admitted to NATO. To back his assertion up, he provided a number of "reasons," including Harley Davidson motorbikes and Russian women. Donovan argues that Russia, with a balanced budget, very low public debt, and huge reserves of oil and natural gas, is a rich uncle the U.S. could use. Does he really want the U.S. to be dependent on Russia for loans and fossil fuels? Isn't America already exposed enough, beholden as it is to the OPEC cartel and to China and Japan? The Russian economy is a colossus with feet of clay; it is more dependent on revenue from oil and natural gas than it was during the 1990s or than the Soviet economy was during the Cold War. Ditto the Russian federal budget, which is based on the assumption that oil costs no less than 60 USD per barrel.
Donovan has suggested that female Russians should be admitted to the West visa-free and duty-free. Apparently, he hasn't heard that the Kremlin uses Russian ladies as spies/seducers. (Western men, beware. Anna Kushchenko (Chapman) is the best-known example. While praising Russian women, Donovan has slandered their American and Western European counterparts: "Most female athletes in Europe and America look like East German weightlifters or Madeline Albright. Russian girls, on the other hand, have changed the viewing habits of millions worldwide."
Perhaps Donovan has never seen Katie Hoff, Natalie Coughlin, or Janet Evans. Nor has he seen any of the beauties featured every year during Miss USA competitions. Another American beauty queen, Alexandria Mills, is the current Miss World. There are legions of beautiful women in the U.S. If Donovan hasn't seen them, that means he hasn't looked for them. Of course, which country has beautiful women is irrelevant to foreign policy. Donovan argues that because the U.S. and Russia have pretty much "cornered the megaton market," a "nuclear-near-monopoly" should be created by admitting Russia into NATO. The problem is that, as has been documented on AT multiple times, Russia is an opponent, not an ally, of the U.S. This is because Russia's current rulers, most of them KGB thugs like Vladimir Putin and Sergei Ivanov, believe that whatever is bad for the U.S. is good for Russia.
Russia has been selling weapons (including fighterplanes, SAMs, and Kalashnikov rifles) to America's enemies, including Iran, Venezuela, and Syria, and shielding these nations (as well as North Korea) from serious UNSC sanctions. It has been selling tons of weapons to Communist China, currently the biggest threat to the U.S. It still backs the regimes of Cuba, Nicaragua, and Venezuela, thus maintaining anti-American outposts in the USA's backyard. A real friend doesn't behave like that. And Russia's own defense doctrine presents NATO as Russia's principal enemy.
Donovan asserts that "grand ideas like capitalism and democracy (of a sort) are thriving in Russia -- in Western Europe, not so much." This is utter gibberish. Russia's current economic system is statist, government-directed pseudocapitalism similar to that maintained by European countries. Privately owned corporations are forced to operate under vast, unclear, selectively enforced regulations and a biased, corrupt judiciary. Important economic decisions are made by Putin himself, not by entrepreneurs -- and often for the worse. Gazprom, for example, has a $50-billion debt, equal to one year's turnover of that company. Most of the managers of state-owned enterprises are Putin's cronies and their sons, as reported by Boris Nemtsov.
Furthermore, Donovan writes, "Today, America has more in common with Russia than it does with many nations in Europe." Unless he means Eastern European countries, with which the U.S. indeed has little in common, he's wrong. America is a libertarian democracy which guarantees individual liberties to a greater degree than does any other country in the world. Russia is an authoritarian thugocracy, with every civil liberty listed by the Russian constitution tolerated by Putin only to the extent that it doesn't inhibit him from ruling the country. Dissenters are jailed (like Boris Nemtsov) or assassinated (like Anna Politkovskaya and Alexander Litvinenko). The U.S. is a federal republic where most prerogatives are reserved to the states and the people, who have the means to defend their rights in federal courts. Russia is a federation only on paper; most of its federal subjects (oblasts, federal cities, and krais) are ruled directly from the Kremlin.
In the U.S., all people are equal regardless of ethnic origin or religion. In Russia, the Kremlin-backed Nashi thugs are persecuting ethnic minorities under the "Russia for Russians" slogan. In the U.S., the people are the superiors of the government. The Tea Party movement has shown this by engineering the biggest GOP House election victory in many decades. As Ronald Reagan said,"We are a nation that has a government, not the other way around." In Russia, the government is the superior of the people and owns them. It can order them to do anything and confiscate anything from them.
America has always been a democratic republic. And say what you will about America's Western European partners, but most of them still believe in the same ideals Americans cherish: democracy, human rights, and political pluralism. On the other hand, for all of its history except the 1990s, Russia has been an authoritarian or totalitarian state, be it under the tsars, the Bolsheviks, or Putin.
That does not mean that Russia can never be America's friend or even ally. Russia helped mediate the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the war of 1812. During the Civil War, as Oliver W. Holmes wrote, "Russia was America's friend even when the world was our enemy" and refused to recognize the Confederacy while Britain and France planned to recognize it as an independent state. During WW2, the U.S. and the Soviet Union were allies (albeit only for pragmatic reasons). And Russia was quite friendly towards the U.S. during the 1990s, albeit out of weakness. Nonetheless, a Russia governed by men like Putin and Ivanov cannot be a partner, let alone an ally, of the U.S. Only if the Putin regime is replaced by a pro-American government can a Russo-American alliance be formed.
Page Printed from: http://www.americanthinker.com/2011/01/why_russia_is_no_friend_of_ame.html
at January 31, 2011 - 10:23:59 PM CST
Sunday, January 30, 2011
that he has become an adviser to the national rugby union in Georgia, an
ex-Soviet republic seeking to become a force in the world game.
"What I'd like to try and achieve is to make a nation like Georgia more
competitive on the world stage," Fitzpatrick, one of New Zealand's
finest ever players who captained the All Blacks during the 1990s, told
a news conference in Tbilisi.
Georgia will take part in its third successive Rugby World Cup this year
in New Zealand, and sees the involvement of Fitzpatrick as an adviser
and an ambassador for the national game as another step towards joining
the international elite.
"Sean's help and fresh ideas will increase the possibilities for
Georgian rugby," said the president of the Georgian Rugby Union, Giorgi
Nijaradze. "It's a sign of how rugby is developing in Georgia that
someone of the stature of Sean is willing to come here, and his
experience is going to be of immeasurable value," said the national
team's Scottish coach, Richie Dixon.
Fitzpatrick said that he had been attracted by Georgia after watching an
impressive performance by the national team at the 2007 Rugby World Cup.
"What I saw was a country that has a whole lot of passion and
commitment," he said.
Since his retirement through injury after his final test appearance in
1997, Fitzpatrick has worked as a television commentator and run a
motivational speaking company. "It would have been very easy for me to
stay in England or New Zealand but I think it's important to grow the
game," he said.
He joked that Georgia -- a small, mountainous country with a population
of fewer than five million -- was "very similar to New Zealand, it's
just that we have more sheep". Rugby has become increasingly popular in
recent years in Georgia as the national team has become more successful.
Georgia qualified for the 2011 Rugby World Cup after winning the 2009
European Nations Cup in a campaign that culminated in an emotional
victory over political rivals Russia, just over a year after the former
Soviet neighbors fought a brief but brutal war.
Some Georgians claim an affinity with rugby because an anarchic
full-contact ball game called Lelo has been played in the country for
During the annual Lelo match, two halves of a remote village compete
against each other to force a heavy leather ball filled with soil and
wine into a river on the opposing side's territory. The Georgian
national rugby team -- known as the Lelos -- take their nickname from
the traditional sport.
The 2011 Rugby World Cup kicks off with hosts New Zealand playing Tonga
in Auckland on Friday September 9 and finishes with the final also in
Auckland on Sunday October 23.
Friday, January 28, 2011
Elite Russian officer's model 1913 presentation "Golden Weapon" with a badge of order of St. George for Gallantry. The Damascus steel blade is decorated with military symbolics and the pommel bears cypher of the Emperor Alexander III. The blade is marked with name of the city - Moscow. The hand painted and enameled order of the St. George is attached to the pommel. All original parts including the St. George knot. LINK to all pictures
So, at the beginning of the XIX century the Russian army, considered one of the strongest in the world, was not armed with good blades. It was necessary to pay serious attention to the production of cold weapons in Russia. The Chief of Weapons Factories and Finance Minister, E.F. Cancrin was ordered to organize manufacturing of Damascus steel blades. Eliazaroshvili, whose art was widely known that time, was approached by Cancrin’s people. There is evidence that Karamon Eliazaroshvili in 1828 revealed the recipe of Georgian saber steel. K. K Cholokashvili found this recipe in the old "Acts of the Caucasus Archive Company." From this description it becomes clear how complex was the method.
"For a sword or a saber take 5 pounds of flat iron, put in a furnace and heat it so that it can be cut into three parts along the length of the strip. Then cut each part into two pieces, which will form 6 equal parts, the length of each is equal to a quarter yard (a quarter of ‘arshin’). Then take two pounds of steel, boiled and raw, put in a bucket, heat it so much that you can cut it into three parts along the length of the strip, equal in size of the iron parts.
Then take two pieces of iron mentioned above, inserting one piece of prescribed steel in it, weld and sand with other parts of the iron and steel. When the iron and steel welded together, forge a welded piece in a 1/2 yard length, (ie, in ‘polarshina;), breadth three-quarters of an inch (3/4 of ‘vershok’) and a thickness of one-eighth of an inch (1/8 of ‘vershok’). Then glow in the hearth each piece of this and sprinkle the top and bottom with crushed cast iron (which should be prepared in advance like sand), using the iron blade. Total cast iron needed are 6 pieces for iron of one pound.
After this re-forge each piece in double, (one yard length, width half an inch). After finishing the above, bend each piece 5 times and cook them together in the furnace with sand, then using a skin material stretch out the rod a length of a half a yard, cut into two parts, weld again with sand, stretching out a new half a yard rod, cut in half again. Then put in the middle of the rods a ½ pound strip of steel, of the same length and width as iron pieces, weld together with sand, and finally forge a strip-like saber, but, shorter than a saber by two inches (2 “vershka”). Then cut its both sides, using a chisel and make it like a big file. Then whittle down the cuts, clean with a file. In a quarter of an hour, clean it from dust powder and check if it looks good and as desired, and it is ready now"
It is known that in the 30s of the XIX century Russian students were sent to Tbilisi. In 1832 George Eliazaroshvili makes a sword and sends it back with his Russian students to the Russian Emperor Nicholas I. These weapons are now stored in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petesrburg (Leningrad) and in the Historical Museum in Moscow. K. K Cholokashvili also quotes some archival documents from 1888, which state that "the best swords in the Russian cavalry were those that were made by Eliazaroshvili students.
Eliazaroshvili’s method is very similar to existing descriptions of sword production methods with an artificially carburized surface from northern parts of India. The stripes of iron repeatedly sprinkled with crushed iron, and then by multiple forging at "welding heat" created a concrete strength surface. These blades had a sharp blade, elongation and toughness. They are inferior in quality only to ‘bulat’.
The information above about welded Damascus steel (welded bulat) are the most recent. By the end of XIX century almost nobody in the world was making cold weapons from welded Damascus steel. The secret of its production was soon completely lost. Interestingly, that times in India Damascus bladed weapons were produced from conventional varieties of English or Swedish steel.
In USSR many of these secrets of welded Damascus steel became known through the work of the Georgian scientist, ethnographer K. Cholokashvili who deciphered a number of ways to produce it. He found the recipe of Georgian bulat and sent it to the Institute of Metallurgy, Georgian Academy of Sciences. The methid had been carefully studied. As a result, one of the shops of Rustavi Metallurgical Plant (led by Georgian SSR Academic F.Tavadze) obtained prototypes of welded Georgian Damascus steel in modern conditions. Prototypes fairly well resembled the patterns and properties of original museum exhibits.
By Yuri G. Gurevich "Damask Pattern Puzzle" (Part 2: "Damascus steel and Georgian Bulat") - Moscow: "Knowledge" 1985 - 192 pages
Translation based on material published at www.termist.com
Wednesday, January 26, 2011
On the back cover - ritual clay wine vessel «Kvevri». Georgia , Samadlo, IV-III centuries
Sunday, January 23, 2011
As already noted, edged weapons were made mostly in the mountainous part of Georgia but welded Damascus steel was casted just in few cities. Tiflis (old name for Tbilisi) weapons production was well known far beyond the Caucasus region. There is evidence that in the XVIII century swords and daggers were delivered from Tbilisi to Iran and Northern Caucasus tribes. In the XIX century, Tbilisi is still the center of manufacturing weapons of welded Damascus steel. It is well known to Alexander S. Pushkin, who wrote that Tiflis dearly weapons are highly prized in the Middle East.
Family of Eliazaroshvili was famous for its bulat swords for decades. Researcher of history of steel production in Georgia K. Cholokashvili found "that the family secret of making Damascus steel was inherited from their ancestors." But Master George Eliazaroshvili was the most famous and was even mentioned by Mikhail Lermontov in one version of his poem "The Poet":
In the silver sheath shines my dagger,
George’s old product.
Bulat it holds mysterious temper,
Long time ago lost potion.
Karamon Eliazaroshvili, son of George Eliazaroshvili continued his father's work.
He knew that in past times past Georgian masters produced damask swords from Indian iron - wootz. Karamon explains: "Wootz - ingot steel in the form of large cakes”.Some believed that it was a mixture of iron and steel, other - pure iron and graphite, and others - that this was a “special” steel.
But wootz is not available and Karamon Eliazaroshvili makes damask weapons from the Georgian horseshoes, sawdust from the Turkish steel, cast iron and wrought iron bands. “The weapons from the Georgian bulat were such a high quality that they can cut off a bull’s or a cow’s head with one blow.” However, as correctly pointed P.P. Anosov, for such things, the quality of the blade still required the strength of its owner.
The famous historian of the Caucasian campaigns Russian General Vladimir Patti wrote in his notes in XIX century: “Undoubtedly, the Russian cavalry at the expense of his courage and heroic forces successfully resist the Eastern horsemen, but the strength and sharpness yataghans and swords made from Damascus steel are far more superior than the strength of our soldiers sables. In order to successfully hold this damask blade does not require special physical strength. It is terrible even in a child’s hands”
By Yuri G. Gurevich "Damask Pattern Puzzle" (Part 2: "Damascus steel and Georgian Bulat") - Moscow: "Knowledge" 1985 - 192 pages
Translation based on material published at www.termist.com
Saturday, January 22, 2011
Photo: Sergei Parajanov was a Soviet Georgian film director and artist, widely regarded as one of the 20th century's greatest masters of cinema. He invented his own unparalleled cinematic style. His oeuvre is extremely poetic, artistic and visionary and is acclaimed worldwide. - from Wikipedia.
Presentation of Web Database of Georgian cinema www.geocinema.ge was held at the Goethe Institute of Tbilisi. The presentation was attended by the representatives of Georgia’s film archives, film museum, and Georgian Film studio and also by the minister of Georgian culture, monuments protection and sports Nikoloz Vacheishvili.
The project has been developed by Georgian National Film Center together with the project initiators - Aleko Askilashvili and Koba Dalakishvili - for more than a year. It is aimed at building up complete database of Georgian cinema to be used for the purpose of publishing its comprehensive filmography in the future. Later on the website will be bilingual, Georgian-English.
Head of the film heritage department Lasha Bakradze presented the website to the audience.
Goethe Institute of Tbilisi, which hosted the presentation, had been making active efforts since the existence of the website to support the Georgian National Film Center’s initiative and mobilize financial support of the foreign funds. Director of the institute Werner Wöll called for all potential investors to further the Film Center’s undertaking.
The minister of Georgian culture, monuments protection and sports Nikoloz Vacheishvili stated: “There is no time for expectation. We should not wait for the cardinal decisions and make the issue of Georgian cinema interesting for the community and what is the most important - for the authority.
At www.geocinema.ge you could watch popular Georgian movies for FREE on-line (streaming video):
Thursday, January 20, 2011
• Setting a strategic course for the film sector;
• Supporting education in the field of cinema;
• Supporting the development of the cinema network;
• Developing international business relations;
• Supporting projects aimed at the preservation of cinema heritage;
• Supporting the organization of film festivals and other related events;
• Developing film export at the local and international levels;
• Supporting the development of film infrastructure
Sunday, January 16, 2011
Svaneti Trekking Site Map
- About Us
- About Svaneti
- Where is Svaneti?
- Travel in the country of golden fleece
- Museum under open air
- Justice and traditions of Svans
- Flora of Svaneti
- Svaneti cuisine
- Following the steps of ancestors
- Tourist's Guide
- Mestia - Koruldi
- Mestia - Mazeri
- Mazeri - Etseri
- Ushguli - Mami
- Horseback trail Zhabeshi-Ushguli
- Touristic Information
Friday, January 14, 2011
Wednesday, January 12, 2011
season opened in Mestia in Georgia's mountainous region of Svaneti.
Senior officials, as well as people from Tbilisi and other parts of
Georgia travelled specially to Mestia for that day. Special flights from
Tbilisi to Mestia had been arranged; however the demand was not fully
met. Free buses ran to Mestia from Samegrelo all day long. The
repertoire of the Christmas show was quite diverse with the guests from
Kiev performing their compositions in Ukrainian, English, Russian,
Italian and Spanish languages. The Ukrainian singers and musicians
closed the concert with a Georgian song.
The Georgian President also attended the U show. Mikheil Saakashvili
said new ski runs are going to be constructed in Mestia very soon. He
said infrastructure development and the new regional airport will help
Mestia become one of the most developed resorts in Europe.
The Ukrainians also presented their traditional dishes in Mestia.
Mikheil Saakashvili tasted the dishes, after which he spoke with the
local population, emphasising his attention on the tourism potential of
the Svaneti region. He noted that the winter season had opened in
Svaneti and soon the new ski slopes would be open. He commented that it
was remarkable that the first snow fell on the opening of the season.
"We must understand what a big miracle is happening in Mestia. About 90
percent of Georgia's population has never been here. We are investing
several hundreds of million GEL on the roads alone, finally 500-600
million GEL will be spent here – not only will we get this money back,
but it will bring us many billions of income over several years
considering the climate, cultural heritage, cuisine, as well as the ski
slopes. This place is outstanding not only in Georgia and the Caucasus,
but in Europe as well," Saakashvili stated in Mestia.
Svaneti is a historic province of Georgia, in the north-western part of
the country. If you really want to feel the Georgian soul, its
traditions and history Svaneti is the perfect place in which to do so.
Svaneti is the highest inhabited area in Europe and is famous for its
mountaineering. Shkhara (5,201 metres), Tetnuldi (4,974 metres) and
Ushba (4,710 metres) are the most extreme destinations for mountain
climbers in Georgia. Svaneti is known for its architectural treasures
and picturesque landscapes. The famous Svanetian towers, built mainly in
the 9th-12th centuries, add to the charm of the region.
Tuesday, January 11, 2011
Georgia, “a rustic ski wonderland on the verge of discovery,” appeared among The New York Times’s top 41 picks of places to visit this year. Georgia owes its sixth place on the list to three skiing spots: Gudauri, an above- the-tree-line attraction for freeriders and heliskiers; Bakuriani, a pine-tree resort with runs ranging from the beginner to professional level; and Svaneti, the Caucasus' highest inhabited area, a region into which President Mikheil Saakashvili says the government is investing "hundreds of millions of lari" (read "hundreds of millions of dollars") to turn it into a star on the international ski tourism scene.
6. Republic of Georgia
A rustic ski wonderland on the verge of discovery.
Ski buffs don’t usually think of Soviet Georgia when planning their next backcountry outing. But some ambitious plans in the Caucasus are trying to change that fast. Tucked between the Black and Caspian seas and smattered with mountains, Georgia has the kind of terrain adventurous skiers yearn for: peaks reaching 16,000 feet, deep valleys and largely untouched slopes. Known best for spectacular off-piste and heli-skiing, Bakuriani and Gudauri — each a short drive from Tbilisi — saw 30,000 visitors in 2009 and are expanding fast.
And now, in efforts spearheaded by the Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili, the ski-resort bug is spreading even further. In Mestia, the first groomed slopes of a new resort opened in December. Also earmarked as a winter hot spot is Goderdzi pass, which can have snow coverage six months a year.
Georgia's first ski resort. The area became famous in the 19th century
when the Romanov family developed the area into a game reserve and
mountain retreat. They even hired Gustav Eiffel to design a bridge for
a narrow-gauge railway up to its verdant pastures. There the Russian
aristocracy enjoyed abundant coniferous forests, crystal clear air and
Visit official Department of Tourism and Resorts of Georgia website to
learn more about Bakuriani http://www.georgia.travel/bakuriani/
Friday, January 7, 2011
Tbilisi, September 9, 2004
On the Rule of Granting Citizenship of Georgia to a Citizen of a Foreign State
- To approve the Regulation on the Rule of Granting Citizenship of Georgia to a Citizen of a Foreign State and Annexes N1 and N2, in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 12 of the Constitution of Georgia and Article 41 of the Organic Law of Georgia.
- To instruct the Government of Georgia (Z. Zhvania) to carry out measures with a view to concluding bilateral agreements with other states and resolving issues related to the legal status of citizens of foreign states holding citizenship of Georgia.
Approved by Decree N380 of the President of Georgia of September 9, 2004.
Regulation on Granting Georgian Citizenship to a Citizen of Foreign State
The present regulation, in compliance with paragraph 2 of Article 12 of the Constitution of Georgia and the Organic Law of Georgia on Citizenship of Georgia, prescribes the rule of filing and reviewing an application for and adopting a decision on granting Georgian citizenship to a citizen of a foreign state.
Citizenship of Georgia may be granted by the President of Georgia to a citizen of a foreign state, who has a special merit before Georgia or if the granting of Citizenship of Georgia to him/her is due to state interests.
- A citizen of a foreign state seeking at the same time citizenship of Georgia, shall file an application with the President of Georgia directly or through the diplomatic mission or consular office (hereinafter 'the consular office') of Georgia.
- The application (Annex 1) shall be entered in the administration of the President of Georgia or the consular office on the territory of the applicant's country of permanent residence or any other relevant consular office.
- The application of a citizen of a foreign state shall be attached by:a) autobiography;
b) duly authorized copy of passport, certificate of citizenship or any other identity card;
c) certificate of previous convictions;
d) 2 (two) photos.
- The applicant shall personally enter the application of a citizen of a foreign state with the enclosed documents in the administration of the President of Georgia or the consular office.
- If for valid reasons (illness, long-term business trip, military service), the applicant cannot personally submit the application, the administration of the President of Georgia or the consular office shall accept the application and the enclosed documents through a person bearing a valid power of attorney or by post.
- If the documents submitted do not meet the requirements under Article 3 of the present Regulation, the relevant service within the administration of the President of Georgia (hereinafter 'the service') or the consular office shall notify the applicant of it within 3 days after receipt of the application and shall allow him/her reasonable time for making necessary corrections and submitting a complete set of documents.
- The consular office shall, within a month after receipt of the application or making necessary corrections, shall insure filing of a complete set of documents with the administration of the President of Georgia.
Upon review of the question, the service shall present its proposals to the President of Georgia on the applicant's eligibility (non-eligibility) for the requirements under Paragraph 2 of Article 12 of the Constitution of Georgia.
- The service shall elaborate its proposals within two months after receipt of the application (making corrections) by the administration of the President of Georgia. Under special circumstances, the Head of the President's administration may extend this term by no longer than two months.
- The proposals of the service shall be submitted to the President of Georgia for a final decision within two days after their elaboration.
- The President of Georgia shall, within a week after submission of the service's proposals, issue an order on preliminary review of the question of granting Georgian citizenship to a citizen of a foreign state and submission of appropriate materials to the Ministry of Justice of Georgia for consideration.
- Non-issuance of an order within a week after submission of the proposals shall be deemed as a refusal to further review the question of granting Georgian citizenship to a citizen of a foreign state, of which the applicant shall be notified.
- Within 3 days after issue of the relevant order of the President of Georgia, the Ministry of Justice of Georgia shall verify the completeness of the documents submitted, prepare the materials and submit the conclusion approved by the Minister of Justice to the President of Georgia.
- Within a week after receipt of the conclusion, the President of Georgia shall, in case the application is satisfied, issue a decree on granting Georgian citizenship to a citizen of a foreign state and in case of refusal, an order on denying Georgian citizenship to a citizen of a foreign state.
- The acts adopted by the President of Georgia on granting Georgian citizenship to a citizen of a foreign state shall be promulgated as prescribed by the applicable Georgian laws.
- Upon admittance to citizenship of Georgia, a citizen of a foreign state shall sign the text of the oath of allegiance to Georgia (Annex N2), which shall be attached to his/her personal file.
The term for reviewing the application on granting Georgian citizenship to a citizen of a foreign state and adopting a decision thereon shall not exceed six months.
A citizen of a foreign state shall be entitled to reenter his/her application after a year from being denied citizenship of Georgia.
At any stage of the review and/or without observing the requirements under the present Regulation, the President of Georgia shall be authorized to issue an order on preliminary review of the question of granting Georgian citizenship to a citizen of a foreign state and submission of appropriate materials to the Ministry of Justice of Georgia for consideration.
- The citizens of a foreign state subject to the procedure for suspension of Georgian citizenship in accordance with sub-paragraph 'd' of Article 32 of the Organic Law of Georgia, shall be authorized to file an application with the President of Georgia on initiating in parallel a review of the question of granting Georgian citizenship under the present Regulation.
- Citizenship of Georgia shall be granted to a citizen of a foreign state under the first paragraph of this Article upon suspension of citizenship of Georgia, as prescribed by law.
Annex N2 / Application formTo the President of Georgia
I hereby appeal to you with a request to grant me citizenship of Georgia in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 12 of the Constitution of Georgia and paragraph 2 of the First Article of the Organic Law of Georgia.
1. Name, Surname
2. Information on the Change of Name, Surname
3. Date of Birth (Day, Month, Year)
4. Place of Birth
5. Marital Status
8. Job Place, Position
9. Previous Convictions
10. Address, Telephone Number (home, business)
11. Passport Series Passport N: Date, Issuing Authority, Validity:
12. Enclosed Document
Personal Signature date
Application and enclosed documents received by:
Position, Surname: Signature:
Decree N380 of the President of Georgia of September 9, 2004 approved.
The oath of a citizen of Georgia
I (name, surname) do solemnly swear that upon my admittance to citizenship of Georgia, I will bear true faith and allegiance to Georgia, observe and support the Constitution and laws, independence and territorial integrity of Georgia and show respect for Georgian culture and national traditions.
Thursday, January 6, 2011
Wednesday, January 5, 2011
"All the evidence available to the country team supports Saakashvili ’s statement that this fight was not Georgia’s original intention. Key Georgian officials who would have had responsibility for an attack on South Ossetia have been on leave, and the Georgians only began mobilizing August 7 once the attack was well underway. As late as 2230 last night Georgian MOD and MFA officials were still hopeful that the unilateral cease-fire announced by President Saakashvili would hold. Only when the South Ossetians opened up with artillery on Georgian villages, did the offensive to take Tskhinvali begin. Post has eyes on the ground at the Ministry of Interior command post in Tbilisi and will continue to provide updates. The Embassy held an EAC and will hold another to reasses the situation by COB. We have issued a warden message and are looking at the situation very carefully. If the Georgians are right, and the fighting is mainly over, the real unknown is what the Russian role will be and whether there is potential for the conflict to expand".
READ FULL ARTICLE in THE FINANCIAL: Secret Documents by Wikileaks Confirming that War in Georgia Was Provocated by Russia
The movie has a memorable scene from a rally in central Tbilisi, where together with the Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili, there were President of Poland Lech Kaczynski and the leaders of Lithuania, Estonia, Ukraine and Latvia trying to stop Russian aggression.
American Film Market promo for "5 Days of August" which will be having its world-wide premiere at AFM 2010 in Santa Monica, CA on November 3rd.
Budget: $50,000,000 (estimated)
Tuesday, January 4, 2011
The Caucasus Research Resource Centers program (CRRC) is a network of resource, research and training centers established in 2003 in the capital cities of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia with the goal of strengthening social science research and public policy analysis in the South Caucasus. A partnership between the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Eurasia Partnership Foundation, USAID and local universities, the CRRC network offers scholars and practitioners stable opportunities for integrated research, training and collaboration in the region.
Applicants must have a strong interest and background in the social sciences (policy-related or think tank experience is a benefit); have completed two years of college course work by the time the internship begins (graduate students are highly encouraged to apply); be familiar with Microsoft programs (knowledge of statistical programs such as SPSS or Stata is desirable); have well-developed communication, teamwork and organizational skills; take initiative and work independently with little supervision; and be able to work in a complex environment in developing countries.
Knowledge of Russian or a local language (Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian) and experience in the NIS region is a plus. Candidates who have their own research agenda will be given priority. Applicants must be willing to commit to the internship for a minimum of 10 weeks. Candidates should specify if they have a country preference.
In addition to its core activities, CRRC has a burgeoning number of research projects in which interns in the past have played a pivotal role. Duties may include but are not limited to conducting research (including interviewing local officials and community members and helping manage the questionnaire design process) and helping local researchers publish their findings; organizing social science trainings; updating CRRC's English language materials; preparing outreach materials; updating and managing databases; and organizing special events and conferences. There is also the opportunity to establish long-term cooperation with local researchers and policymakers, as well as learn Russian and/or a local language and conduct research during the course of the internship.
How to Apply
Your application should include a scanned copy of your transcript, a resume including three references and a cover letter explaining why this position is of interest.
Deputy Regional Director
Sunday, January 2, 2011
- A wonderful 3/4 day trek through an idyllic region
- The historic old town of Tbilisi
- The ancient capital of Georgia, Mtskheta
- Homestay in the mountains with a Georgian family
- Gori and the surreal Stalin Museum